Парламент Китая одобрил пожизненное правление лидера страны

Из почти трех тысяч депутатов предложение не поддержали только двое, еще три человека воздержались.

Всекитайское собрание народных представителей (парламент) одобрило изменения в конституцию, отменяющие упоминания в документе ограничений срока пребывания у власти руководства страны, сообщает BBC.

На заседании в воскресенье, 11 марта, голосовали 2964 депутатов, из которых двое проголосовали против соответствующих правок, трое – воздержались.

Благодаря правкам в конституцию страны действующий председатель КНР, генеральный секретарь ЦК Коммунистической партии Китая (КПК) Си Цзиньпин сможет пожизненно оставаться у власти.

Срок полномочий лидера Китая, возглавившего страну в 2012 году, истекает в 2023. Однако, благодаря отмене сроков пребывания у власти, он сможет возглавлять страну и после 2023 года.

Отметим, Центральный комитет Коммунистической партии Китая представил пакет правок в конституцию страны, среди которых было и предложение об отмене ограничений срока пребывания у власти, 25 февраля.

Предложение «пожизненного президентства» вызвало резкую критику как внутри страны, так и за ее пределами. В частности, предложение правящей Компартии Китая раскритиковали президент США Дональд Трамп.

Как пишет The Economist, нынешний лидер Китая имеет больше полномочий, чем любой его предшественник со времен Мао Цзэдуна. Дистанция между государством и партией сокращается, а проблема того, кто придет на смену Си Цзиньпину усугубляется, а не решается.

Си Цзиньпин представляет Китай в качестве примера для других стран: меритократической автократией, которая смогла добиться быстрого экономического роста и избежать трясины политических потрясений, от которых страдают демократии.

Но непонятно, сможет ли с пожизненным лидером и отсутствием разницы между государством и партией Китай сам соответствовать этой модели.

Как писало ZN.UA, роль генерального секретаря КПК и председателя КНР Си Цзиньпина в конфигурации китайской власти продолжает неуклонно расти.

Влияние Си Цзиньпина сравнивают с влиянием «великого кормчего» Мао Цзэдуна и «архитектора китайских реформ» Дэн Сяопина. А с этими именами связаны наиболее существенные повороты в новейшей китайской истории.

 

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